Category:

e-Rideables

How do e-Scooters work

How do e-Scooters Work

by Editor

Skateboards from the Future! 

That’s what I like to call an Electric Scooter or e-Scooter for short. Yeah, they’re pretty cool looking flat board scooters with one major major technological upgrade, they run on motors and have battery packs.

Mind blowing right? Well, eScooters have been around for quite some time but have not managed to reach the popularity level of eBikes. They’re smaller and more compact than a traditional eBike and are actually a safer means of travel.

These eScooters are a form of micro-mobility, getting you from point A to B in a jiffy. There are hundreds of electric scooter brands with an even wider range to choose from, from eScooters for adults and kids to seated electric scooters. 

But have you ever wondered, how eScooters work?

Here’s how they work.
Like any mechanical device, eScooters have a number of electrical components that help propel the scooter forward. 
They use the hub motor to propel the scooter forward, the battery to power the electrical components in the scooter and the motherboard or motor controller to regulate the current flowing to the motor from the battery giving it more speed.

Let’s look at how these components drive the eScooter to get an understanding on how electric scooters work in the real world.

How do e-Scooters Work

Electric scooters run on batteries, typically rechargeable ones made of lead or Lithium. These batteries are not only coupled with the motor but also a lighting system, controller, and at times even the braking system, bringing your e-Scooter to life.

Some models of e-Scooters come equipped with a single motor while some have dual motors for greater propulsion, this results in larger batteries being used.

Ideally, how an electric scooter works can be summarized in the following way:

  • The motor that provides movement is situated in the wheels of the scooter.
  • From here, the rechargeable batteries which are located within the floorboard are activated and transmit current to the motor with the help of an intricate system of electrical wiring all through the frame of the scooter.
  • Once the throttle is twisted, signals are relayed to the motherboard or the motor controller which in turn informs the battery how much current to power the motor with. This system will power a single hub motor or in some cases dual hub motors allowing you to start moving forward.

But it’s not always so simple. So, in order to understand how an electric scooter works, you must know what components are used in an e-Scooter. 

The main components of an Electric Scooter are:

Battery

How do e-Scooters work

Though most may think that the heart of an e-Scooter is the motor, the larger the motor the faster you can go. But that’s not entirely true, in fact the most important component in any e-Scooter is the battery unit.  

The advances in battery technology have made it possible to use larger capacity batteries on electric scooters.

  • New age batteries are compact and powerful making them easier to fit on a small frame. These rechargeable batteries are an efficient source of power and actually enhances your overall riding experience.
  • Batteries are measured in Watt-hours or Wh, any budget scooter would have a capacity range of about 250Wh whereas top end electric scooters would have capacities of around 3000Wh.
  • High-Quality batteries of today can give you a riding range of about 12-15 miles on a single charge while also being seamlessly integrated into the design of the e-Scooter and not hindering your ability to ride properly.

Motor

How do e-Scooters work

Second in command, the motors on an electric scooter are built into the wheels making them hub motors. Some models of e-Scooters come with one hub motor while some have motors in both wheels.

The motors are brush-less direct current (BLDC) motors that are rated based on their power consumption by the expression ‘Watts ’. 

Think of it like this, greater wattage means it’s an extremely powerful motor that is capable of achieving higher speeds.

Motors and e-Scooters are available in three difference performance variants, 

  • You have the average or low-end electric scooters running on a 250-300 watt motor,
  • Intermediate or mid-range electric scooters will have a 500-600 watt motor
  • And the extremely high-performance scooters will use high powered dual 1200W motors.

Motherboard

How do e-Scooters work

A motherboard on an electric scooter is a unit that sends power to your motor based on your throttle input. These small and compact devices are hidden within the frame of the e-Scooter and basically help control the flow of current from the battery to your motor and other electrical components.

The motherboard aka motor controller looks like a small block of steel with numerous wires protruding from its side. The metal used acts as a heat sink so it does not overheat.

  • A speed controller will be hooked up to the battery and other components such as the brakes and throttle. 
  • Upon receiving electronic signals from either the throttle or the brakes, it controls and limits the amount of current flowing to the motor. 
  • The faster you want to travel, the more current is sent through and if you’re applying your brakes, the e-Scooter slows down and current flow is then cut off.

These small devices are rated based on the voltage and current they are capable of regulating. High powered e-Scooters will have higher voltage and current ratings while low powered e-Scooters come with speed controllers that have lower voltage and current ratings.

Brakes

How do e-Scooters work

There are two primary types of braking systems on an electric scooter, the disc system and the drum system. Both rely on friction to stop the e-Scooter and are shaped quite differently. There are other braking systems available but are not so reliable.

  • The drum braking system is such where the brake shoes remain stagnant while the drum itself rotates along with the wheel.
  • When it comes to the disc braking system, the disc plate rotates along with the wheel and can be stopped when the pads that are situated on either side of the disc plate come in contact with it.

The manual braking system can be activated on the handle bar by holding the lever inward, similar to any bike or eBike out there. 

There are some electric scooters which come with an e-braking system which rely on the motor to slow down. These brakes need not be periodically serviced or adjusted as they’re electrical.

Truth be told, manual braking is the best way to go as they offer much stronger braking capabilities than an electrical system.

Tires and Wheels

How do e-Scooters work

Tires used on electric scooters are meant to give you traction while accelerating and slowing down in any emergency. Some scooters use airless tires while others use pneumatic ones. 

Pneumatic tires are filled with air and improve the overall quality of your ride. These can be used on e-Scooters with or without suspensions,  they are made from a supple rubber material allowing them to perform quite well in adverse conditions.

The wheels on an e-Scooter are an important part of how fast you can go and how stable your ride truly is. A large 10” wheel base with rubber pneumatic tires can give you more cushioning with lesser vibration and can help you achieve greater speeds as compared to an electric scooter with a smaller wheelbase and tires.

Frame

How do e-Scooters work

The frame of your e-Scooter can determine the total weight you can carry, if it’s sturdy enough to house new components and receive upgrades.

This skeleton is normally made from different lightweight materials such as aluminum and stainless steel making them durable and easy to carry. The frame on most e-Scooters are fold-able and can be packed and transported anywhere you like in a convenient manner. 

Some models of e-Scooters come with a raised seat while there are some designed for people with reduced mobility. 

Basically they come in all shapes and sizes, each designed to target a specific group of people. 

It is the frame that houses the battery pack, motherboard, the wheels with hub motors are connected to the frame of the e-Scooter making it the most crucial piece of the whole puzzle.

Conclusion

Electric Scooters or e-Scooters are the next best thing for an easier commute. Using an electric scooter has always been fun and now that you know how they work, keeping their important components safe is going to be your number one priority.

There’s always a thrill when there’s more power involved. 

Riding your e-Scooter must always be done in a precautionary manner so as not to get involved in an accident. Make sure you have a set of tools to help tackle any issue which may arise while riding your e-Scooter.

Can you ride an e-Scooter without power?

Yes, you can but it’s not recommended. Since the new models of electric scooters run solely on electricity, you would end up damaging your e-Scooter or hurt yourself in the process if you use it without power.

How do e-Scooters charge?

Charging an e-Scooter is pretty straight-forward. Plug in the battery to any standard power outlet using the charging cable which comes with the electric scooter. If your scooter permits, you can take out the battery and charge just the battery indoors.

How long do electric scooter batteries last?

Electric Scooter batteries are made to be durable and long lasting, they can range anywhere between 2-4 years or up to 5000 miles without needing a change. There are a few factors which can influence the life of a battery pack such as; distance covered, storage mechanism, capacity of the battery and the conditions under which it was used.

Also Read:

0 comment
Why You Should Get An eBike

I have always been a motorcycle enthusiast who preferred the weekend cycle run. Little did I know at the time that I would be giving up my motorbike and cycle for a more economical and environment friendly mode of transport. 

All it took was one day on an eBike to show me another side of life that i had never explored. Two years down the line I’m happy with my eBike and have no regrets.

Let me tell you what changed my mind and why it is a good idea for you to get into the whole eBiking scene.

Why You Should Get An eBike

To own an eBike with a pandemic looming over our heads is a great way to feel safe and secure, creating your own little bubble everywhere you go. It beats closed off modes of transportation such as subway services, buses, trams and cars.

Owning an electric bike lets you feel younger, visit new places and take trips on a budget with ease. 

Here are some of the reasons why joining the eBike revolution is beneficial to you in the long run.

Riding an eBike is Fun

Why you Should get an eBike

Who said you have to be young to have fun? eBikes are meant for everyone and the best part is that they are so lightweight and smooth to ride that they can be fun most of the time.

Electric bikes are fun to use modes of transportation as compared to driving a car or sitting in a bus. 

With eBikes you get out more often, you’re able to feel the wind blowing through your hair, the thrill of riding fast and being able to get your heart racing with a broad grin across your face are a few of the things that make owning an eBike a great idea.

The main factor behind why riding an eBike is so much fun as compared to riding a traditional cycle is the fact that you have a feature called pedal assist that converts your regular cycling experience into a full blown biking one with the help of the hub motor. 

You Get to Workout on your eBike

Why you Should get an eBike

Not as much as you would on a normal cycle but so much more than sitting on a bus or taking a cab. Riding an eBike is the solution to all those times you regretted not going to the gym because you were stuck at work or you simply didn’t have time.

Replacing the ways you normally commute with an electric bike will give you the assurance that you’re  at least going to get ‘some’ workout done even if you’re not hitting the gym.

Riding an eBike lets you burn anywhere between 280-350 calories making it the perfect addition in enhancing your healthy lifestyle.

One great workout that you can try with an eBike is to ride uphill without any throttle assistance and then on the way back home make use of the throttle assist and ride freely.

Cuts your Expenses / Saves you some Money

Why you Should get an eBike

Buying an electric bike is not cheap, the good ones are retailed between $1000 – $2500 while there are some which are priced at a higher rate because they’re simply jaw-dropping. 

Practically speaking, owning an electric bike resolves all your financial worries if you play your cards right. 

  • Owning a car comes with hidden costs like insurance renewal, parking charges, service costs, change of parts, new tires, speeding tickets and so many more.
  • The money you end up spending on a regular basis for your electric bike would be just a few cents worth of electricity to recharge your batteries and maybe the occasional service or change of battery. 
  • You save on fuel expenses if you own a car or motorcycle so using an eBike helps save you an easy $500+ per month on these miscellaneous expenses.
  • The amount you spend to service your eBike is only a fraction of what you’d spend quarterly on your car or bike service. This is because there are less parts to work on in an eBike and takes lesser time to have one serviced.

eBikes are a Fast and Flexible Means of Transportation

Why you Should get an eBike

The technology that’s used in electric bikes is what gives you the ability to cover vast distances with little effort. The powerful high capacity battery coupled with a high performance hub motor and a throttle system can get you traveling at speeds of up to 20 miles per hour.

Owning an eBike gives you access to bike routes laid up across cities, this lets you evade the rush hour traffic and get to work earlier than you could have.

They’re flexible to use and can be switched from Manual to Throttle mode with the twist of your wrist.

With an electric bike you can fold it up and carry it with you on your trips. This unique ability to take your eBike anywhere is what makes it a great choice as compared to a regular bicycle or a bike.

Electric Bikes are Environmentally Friendly

Why you Should get an eBike

Two global issues that can blow out of proportion if we don’t play our part correctly are Global Warming and Climate change. Owning an eBike and using it in place of cars and motorcycles for your daily commute can help the earth heal itself on the long run.

eBikes consume less energy and do not rely on fossil fuels to run. However, they do emit small amounts of CO2 on a daily basis which is still a fraction of what is emitted by cars or motorcycles.

They are the most environment friendly electric vehicle in the market and this is because of the small quantities of rare earth elements used to manufacture the battery. Apart from that and the fact that batteries and tires have to be maintained, eBikes are much safer to own and use than conventional modes of transportation.

eBikes Come with a Variety of Designs

Why you Should get an eBike

With technology advancing at the rate that it is, anything is possible. As electric bike companies grow, they tend to produce a variety of designs to accommodate everyone’s needs

eBikes are available in all sizes, high and low seating arrangement, fat and thin tires, step-through or standard bike frame, range of motor sizes and battery capacities covering a wide range of personal requirements. 

However, if none of the eBike variants appeal to you, then rest assured that somewhere down the line there will be one made to suit your needs.

eBikes Come with Removable Battery Cases

Why you Should get an eBike

Charging an eBike has never been easier. Most come with removable battery packs you can unplug and carry in-doors to be recharged. 

What makes this a compelling feature is that you can charge your battery from the comfort of your office so that you’ll have a fully charged battery to use on the way back. 

Even in the case of overnight charging, simply detach the battery case at home and plug it in to charge, when you wake up you will have a fully charged battery at your disposal.

Owning an eBike with a removable battery pack can be the most convenient thing ever. You get to charge your battery anywhere and won’t have to worry about the battery getting damaged in the rain or someone robbing the battery from your eBike.

Owning an Electric Bike saves Storage Space

Why you Should get an eBike

eBikes are compact modes of transport and are not extremely heavy to carry.  For city dwellers storage is not always an option especially if you’re living in a flat. 

Unlike a motorcycle or regular cycle, eBikes can actually be folded and stored without occupying too much space. With this fold-able feature you won’t have to worry about your eBike getting stolen from the street-side and carrying it around with you is easier, be it by car or on the subway.

Fold-able eBikes have always been an adventurers favorite since they can be moved and stored easily in a bag. This makes it easier to have your eBike shipped to other places without having to pay higher amounts for the shipping.

eBikes are Great for Climbing Hills

Have you ever taken your cycle on a trip to a hilltop only to struggle while climbing to the top? With an eBike that is no longer a concern.

Usually equipped with a range of power modes to tackle any situation, eBikes can make your uphill ride a breeze. Twisting the throttle will kick the hub motor into automatic mode, giving you that extra push you need.

Most mountain bikers prefer using an eBike because it allows them to spend less time on the climb and more time navigating the descent (the fun part of mountain biking).

Cons of buying an eBike

Though buying an eBike is a great investment in the long run for a variety of reasons, they do have one or two negative sides to buying one.

  • eBikes are not cheap, as i mentioned before they range from $1000 to well over $2500. Though they don’t require you to spend money every time you use them, they still cost a lot of money.
  • Storing an eBike in a room for a long period of time like over the winter would require you to look after controlling the climate of the room so the metallic components do not rust. 
  • Buying an eBike is not for everyone as some states have laws in place to regulate the use of electric bikes, where you’d have to have a valid license, wear all the required protective gear and follow a designated set of rules.
  • eBike batteries are not always reliable, the more they’re used and recharged the faster they will have to be replaced. 

Conclusion

Getting an eBike is beneficial to users both young and old. I think that with more people getting into using eBikes on a daily basis, we’re sure to live long and healthy lives. 

They’re fun to use, great for a workout on the side and are environment friendly. While using an eBike however, make sure you always stay protected and stay in the designated bike lanes, there are many out there who ride with no care in the world. Your life is precious, make it last.

Do Electric Bikes make Cycling easier?

eBikes do make cycling easier, it’s more convenient and less effort is used. Pedal assist and Full Throttle modes can assist with your ride in case you’re tired or have issues with your knees.

Can we ride an eBike without a Battery?

Yes. At times when you need to charge your battery but also have to step out to the grocery store all you will need to do is unplug the battery from the cycle and pedal away to the grocery store.

Can we ride an eBike in the rain?

Yes. Electric bikes have been designed to have water-resistant wiring and can tolerate rain. You can ride the eBike in the rain but there’s only one thing you must remember if you do so. You must wipe the bike dry. There are metallic components that may rust if they’re left damp or wet.

Also Read :

0 comment
What to Look for in an Electric Bike

eBikes or Electric bikes have been around for a while now and by the looks of it they’re here to stay. Most of us have faced a tough time while searching for a good eBike and this happens to the best of us mainly because there are so many models and variants out there. The only question that keeps popping up is, what to look for in an electric bike?

Yes, that’s actually a really good question. eBikes are designed for everyone and not one one special class of people. They can be used on a daily basis to commute to work and back or to the grocery store and back or with some models they can be used on dirt tracks making them ideal for adventurers.

If only it was easy to pick one eBike. Sigh.

Let’s get into what we have to look for while buying an electric bike.

Why are eBikes so popular?

Electric bikes are essentially regular bikes that are convenient and easier to ride. As they come equipped with hub motors to help ease your ride, they have been sought after by not only avid cyclists but also those who need some assistance when commuting or traveling with any sort of baggage. 

With no CO2 emissions and a zero percent carbon footprint, eBikes are considered a blessing for the environment..

What to Look for in an Electric Bike?

If you’re in the market for an electric bike you may get with mind-boggled with the number of eBike options available in the market. As too many people find owning a car cumbersome and expensive, other modes of transport like electric bikes have become super popular.

I remember when it was just 5-10 companies to choose from but now there are hundreds of companies manufacturing electric bikes with different features, sizes, capabilities and these eBikes come with various offers, warranty plans and service options to choose from making it a task to pick the one that suits your needs.

While looking for your ideal electric bike it’s best to check the following:

Consider your Personal Needs

What to Look for in an Electric Bike

Electric bikes have been created for different purposes, so before you pick up your eBike it’s best to search for something that is designed for your needs. 

  • If you’re looking at step-through framed bikes to add comfort to your ride then companies like Aventon Electric and Linus have some good options ready. 
  • If you’re keen on something to tackle off-roads and designed for hill climbing then you can check out Raleigh motors or Haibike models. 

Things like distance you’d be covering and if you’re using the electric bike for carrying loads and other factors play a crucial role in determining the right electric bike for you.

Choosing the Right eBike Retailer

Choosing the Right eBike Retailer

Picking the right retailer or manufacturer is a very important point to always remember. Ultimately your judgement should be based on the following

  • The staff should be approachable and friendly. Have any and all questions answered by them to make sure they know their product and it’s a reliable place. 
  • Make it a point to check the quality of  the materials used. The better the quality of the product, the longer  it’ll last. Sellers have to be dedicated to the cause to be considered reliable and by cause I’m simply referring to being in it for the right reason and not to make a quick buck.

Retailers provide additional benefits such as an extended warranty or a pair of riding gloves and sometimes even overall cash discounts on their electric bikes. 

Make it a point to thoroughly review the company you’re planning on buying from.

Understand the Warranty Offered on Electric Bikes

Understand the Warranty Offered on Electric Bikes

While buying an electric bike you should keep in mind that it’s a big investment regardless of how much you paid for it. The only way this investment of yours can be deemed “worth it” is when you have a good warranty in place.

Warranties that are offered in the market range from manufacturer to manufacturer and they’re not always the same. 

A standard warranty on your everyday eBike would be for a year from the sale date and would normally cover all components including the battery.

However, a good warranty would be one that lasts for at least 2 years with no exclusion on everyday use and one that would cover everything from parts of the eBike to the hub motor and battery.

What Powers the Electric Bike

What powers the electric bike

Electric bikes are powered by hub motors at the most that come with different wattage and rpm. Choosing the power output of the electric motor is an important thing to keep in mind. We have hub motors that range from 250W to 900W, so there is a range out there. It all depends on what you’re buying the electric bike for.

To know the functioning of the electric bike you’re about to purchase is another key to getting what you actually want. Electric bikes come with 3 basic modes for everyday use:

  • You have the Pedal mode where you’re the one working your way around.
  • Then there’s the Pedal assist mode where you can pedal or throttle depending on what you’re looking for.
  • Finally there’s the Electric only or Throttle mode where you will not have to pedal and the twist of the throttle is all that’ll be required to get you moving.

Always make sure you know what kind of throttle system is on the bike and if it comes in a hybrid variation before making your final decision.

Check the Voltage and Battery Capacity of the eBike

What to Look for in an Electric Bike

The heart of the electric bike is the battery unit and it’s capabilities. A good electric bike has a more compact battery with greater power output and these are best because they reduce the overall weight of the electric bike.

  • It’s good to check the voltage of the battery as each type of battery is designed to be used differently. An electric bike running on a 24 volts battery is best suited for flat surfaces like open roads or tracks whereas a larger 48 -72 volts battery will be used for extreme climbing and off-roading or while covering longer distances.
  • While comparing the voltage make sure to keep an eye on the battery capacity as well.  The capacity of the battery is determined in Amp hours and would be represented as AH next to the reading. 

For example if you are interested in two options where one bike has the battery voltage and capacity of 480 Watt hours while the second electric bike has a capacity of 144Watt hours, go for the first one as it will last longer while the second bike with lowered battery capacity will last for a fraction of the time.

Each battery or in some cases battery packs would have unique capacities and this plays a crucial role in determining how far you can travel on that electric bike.

Total Weight the eBike can Support

What to Look for in an Electric Bike

While buying an electric bike you’re going to want to take it out either on a trip or to the grocery store to buy some veggies and it’s not going to look good if you’re unable to carry all your belongings on your electric bike.

Buying an electric bike that can support you weight and extra weight for any reason can prove beneficial in the long run.

  • Since electric bikes are built in the similar fashion as regular bicycles hence their overall max weight load would be roughly the same. Most electric bikes in the market have a maximum load capacity of 300lbs but this is generally 50-75 lbs lesser than the electric bike can actually hold. 

Not to say we’re going to carry anything that heavy on our eBikes but it’s good to know that they’re built to be sturdy and carry us around.

Reviews and Videos of the Bikes Performance 

At times when the product seems too good to be true it’s because it probably isn’t. Going through past reviews or performance videos of the products you’re keen on buying can actually help a great deal. 

Figuring out what others have experienced in the real world is a great way to understand once and for all if that electric bike is meant for you or not.

Keeping all these pointers in mind while searching for an electric bike to buy will surely help you decide on what you truly want. There are electric bikes out there for everyone to enjoy and not only are they beneficial to our overall health, they also help reduce pollution levels across cities.

Conclusion

Always buy an electric bike that has their battery capacity and details of the electric bike are listed. Never go for something that does not have its specs highlighted or are too basic. 

An electric bike is always going to be considered an investment as it helps save a lot of money on the long run. The regular maintenance and service are all you’ll need to keep your bad boy on the road. 

Make it a point to remember the major differentiators such as power, price range, battery capacity, motor type and max weight supported before jumping into something you may regret later.

On that note. Happy electric bike hunting.

Also Read :

0 comment
  • 1
  • 2