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Electric Cars

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

Electric cars, cars that run on electricity. The solution to the worries caused by pollution from the transport industry. One might not be a fool to think that it’s as simple as that. But if everything was as simple as that the world would be a paradise.

It’s true that electric cars run on electricity and are environmentally friendly. But this only when compared to gasoline cars, and not always. These are true facts, but everything has its own complexities.

In a perfect world, electric vehicles might be the perfect mode of transport, because they cause zero-emission (not really, more on that later). This means no carbon footprint, so no global warming or air pollution and for a fact even no noise pollution. But our world is a far cry from being perfect. 

While electric cars have a lot of benefits, they come with their downsides too. There’s a common misconception that electric cars are clean and safe for the environment but it’s not always the case.

A product at a certain point in their lifetime can be clean and safe for the environment. But during their lifetime, they can cause pollution at other points. This applies to almost everything, and electric cars are no exception. 

Let’s look at what makes electric cars bad for the environment.

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

Though Electric cars are way more safer to use than conventional cars, they still do pose some threat to the environment. Not everything about electric cars screams Eco-Friendly, yes on the long run they are but there are certain factors to consider before coming to a definite conclusion.

Electric Cars are low-emission modes of transport that guarantee you a cleaner commute. However, the manufacturing process and up-keep of these cars tend to be dangerous for the environment and the only reason many people are not talking about this is because the numbers are so low that reclassifying electric cars as vehicles that damage the environment is not feasible any time soon.

Let’s take a look at the environmental concerns around manufacture and ownership of an electric car.

Environmental Concerns of Electric Cars During their Manufacturing Process

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

Since electric cars produce zero-emission during running, there has to be other times during their lifetime when they are harmful to the environment. Most products or commodities cause pollution and harm right when they are being produced, because producing requires energy. And energy production causes pollution. 

  • A carbon footprint is the amount of greenhouses gases released by a process, person, organization or country. And greenhouses gases are harmful to the environment because they trap heat in the atmosphere causing global warming.

Since the carbon footprint during the production of an electric car is so high, it causes a lot of pollution. This is also because of the fact that most of the energy used during production is from fossil fuels which cause emissions.

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

Using cleaner sources can reduce the overall carbon footprint during the manufacturing process, this applies to electric cars too. 

  • During the manufacturing process, there’s a key element that causes the carbon footprint to increase so much and it’s due to the batteries. Electric cars run on electricity and the electricity required is stored in a battery inside the car. These batteries are huge and harder to manufacture compared to the ones found in a conventional car. 
  • A conventional car has lead-acid batteries. Electric cars use lithium-ion batteries for better performance and storage capacity. While lithium-ion batteries are better than lead-acid batteries from a technical standpoint. They fall short when it comes to manufacturing them.
Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment
  • It is because of the use of rare earth materials like lithium and cobalt used to manufacture them. The extraction of these elements is hard and need a lot of energy and effort. This makes them inefficient to manufacture compared to materials found in lead-acid batteries. 
  • Batteries also degrade and making them unusable after a while. And disposing of these batteries is a harm for the environment because of the chemicals. These batteries are recycled or in some cases reused in other industries but this is not efficient. In fact, they are from being efficient, causing a lot of environmental concerns.

Replacing these batteries are expensive and hard to manufacture. The high environmental concern from manufacturing these batteries in the first place only adds up to a higher carbon footprint of electric cars in the future.

Tires and Brake Wear 

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

There is a twist in the story about electric cars being zero-emission vehicles. A new study by Emission Analytics found that tires from cars are a major concern for emissions of particulate matter.

Electric cars don’t produce any tailpipe emissions because of running on electricity. But they are not exempt from particle emission though because they still need tires to run. The study also found that particle emission from brakes is a major concern. 

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment
  • While gas emissions from the same car were 4.5 milligrams making it higher by a factor of more than 1000. While this seems like a crazy thing, the particle matter may not be as destructive as the gas emissions. 
  • The same applies to electric cars because they run on rubber tires too. They can be worse when it comes to this type of emission because electric cars are heavier because of the humongous batteries. This results in more tire wear causing more particulate emissions.

These emissions are not as harmful as burning of fuel. But they still are a source of waste and waste always is a harmful thing. These particulate matters left out in the environment can cause harm over time. 

Braking is also a cause of particulate emission in cars. Regenerative braking helps in reducing emissions from braking but it’s not nil and there is still wear in the brakes over time. This also leads to emission found by Emission Analytics. The firm suggested the remedy could be using “low emission, harder wearing” tires.

Safety Concerns 

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

Tests done by Allianz Center for Technology Automotive(AZT Automotive) have found the components found in electric cars are well protected in the case of crashes. But in the case of a failure of these components, replacements can be costly. Production of these parts requires more energy compared to parts found in gasoline cars. 

  • Fire threats of electric cars is a possibility like any other electrical component.
Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment
  • Lithium-ion batteries when overcharged, subjected to high temperatures or any physical damage can combust. High levels of toxic gases will be released during such an event.
  • And fires of such types are harder to control given the limited knowledge about them, increasing safety and environmental threat. 

Electricity Production 

Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment

Electrics cars need to be charged and fed electricity to run. This is a cause of emission and in the end harmful because of the method used to produce electricity. So, an electric car is responsible for the carbon footprint of the electricity it uses.

  • If fossil fuels are the main source of electricity in a region, then the emission due to using that electricity falls on the back of electric cars.
Why Electric Cars are Bad for the Environment
  • Almost 60% of the world is powered using fossil fuels, it only makes it obvious that electricity used by electric cars are not always clean. Apart from burning fossil fuels to get energy, extracting them causes significant emissions.

Moving to cleaner, greener sources of energy like solar, nuclear to an extent, wind and tidal energy can diminish this disadvantage. Just because the future is bright doesn’t mean we can’t ignore the fact that there’s a problem now.

Conclusion

In general, electric cars are better than gasoline cars. But electric cars are still an active source of pollution and a carbon footprint factory. They have safety issues that can cause a lot of harm if something goes wrong. They are still in the developing stages, and everything that is trying to grow has some form of teething issues. 

Conventional cars have reduced emissions and pollution over the years. This is because of better engineering and manufacturing processes. Similarly, electric cars can only get better with time. As of now, even though they are generally better the lean heavily to the region they are produced and used to take full advantage. They still pose harm to the environment and have their own disadvantages. 

While people shift to electric cars for the future, spreading knowledge about their shortcomings and shedding light on them is a necessary concern. Making the best decision involves research and knowledge of something. Electric cars are better than gasoline cars except in some scenarios. Scenarios like when production rests on using fossil fuel energy. 

They are still not the most environment-friendly method to travel. To tackle the problem posed by electric cars, bicycles, public transport like buses, carpooling or even walking are better alternatives.

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Is Electric Car Charging Free

Whether you like it or not, the future is electric cars.

The rise in the number of electric cars can make you question a lot. A lot of doubts and concerns about electric cars or electric vehicles in general. One of the main questions that frequently comes up is about the charging of electric cars.

From the title you are here for the answer to the question “Is electric car charging free?”

The short answer is no, it costs money to charge an electric car.

For a detailed answer let’s dive deep into everything about charging an electric car. 

Is Electric Car Charging Free

Charging your electric vehicle such as an electric car is not free and you’d end up paying for it eventually. Owning an electric car will result in you having to charge it every time the batteries run low, same as any battery operated vehicle.

With electric cars you will have to take into consideration the cost of electricity where you live, the duration the car has to be charged for. There is also the off chance that your electric car will have to be charged at a public EV charging booth which is a very expensive affair.

Let’s see how expensive charging your electric car really is.


Charging an Electric Car

Is Electric Car Charging Free

Since electric cars need electricity to run, they need to store electricity on them to move freely. They do this by utilizing heavy-capacity batteries. These batteries need to be charged from time to time to power the vehicle. Charging them is fairly simple, using the included charger, you can charge them at home or at a specialized charging station.  

  • Owning an electric car requires you to have a garage so you can plug the charger in the garage wall socket. If you have a garage, you are almost good to go, you just have to install an electricity connection to your garage if you don’t have any, and you can let the car get charged. The car can be plugged in when it’s parked and needs to be juiced up. The electricity the car uses to charge will be reflected on your electricity bill.  
Is Electric Car Charging Free
  • Electric cars can also be charged at public charging stations. There are specialised charging stations being set up so that owners of electric cars can charge at these stations and pay up for the amount for electricity used during that session. This is a nice feature allowing you to travel much further than on a single charge or if you need an emergency topping. These stations also have better-rated chargers allowing you to charge the cars significantly faster than home charging. 

While these charging stations are far and few in-between, the government has pledged and urged for more charging stations in the future. The chance of finding a charging station can be hard now. But the situation can only get better from here and its good thing for existing and potential future electric car owners.  


Cost to Charge an Electric Car

Is Electric Car Charging Free

Electricity is a commodity like any other, so it doesn’t come for free. So, using an electric car requires you to pay for the electricity you use to charge it. It’s easy to calculate the money you’ll have to put aside for electric charging.  

For example, let’s take Hyundai Kona, equipped with a 39 kWh (kilowatt-hour) battery, it can run 280 miles on a full charge. So, the car needs 0.08 units of electricity to travel 1.6 miles of distance (39 units/ 280 km= 0.08 unit for 1.6 miles). So, all that’s left is to find the rate of a unit of electricity in your region and multiply it with 39 for the cost you’ll have to pay.  

  • New York has a price of 21.0 cents per kWh of electricity, so you’ll have to pay approximately 4-5 dollars to travel 280 miles in an electric car. This is a huge benefit for electric cars over petrol-powered cars. The same distance traveled by an efficient petrol car will require more than $50+ worth of fuel. 
  • If you consider charging at a specialised electric station, more and more stations are being put up to facilitate the service better. Using a public charging station in New York can cost around $8-9 on average.  

Using special types of charging technologies like DC charging allows you to charge way quicker are expensive to set up. If you require them at your home it could cost a fortune. And when you use such better-rated technology at a specialised station, the cost of charging is higher.  

Is Electric Car Charging Free
  • Charging degrades the battery over time and use. It reduces the battery capacity over time and eventually damaging it beyond use.
  • When this happens, you will have to replace the battery so that you can continue using the car. This adds further to the cost of charging electric cars because they are directly connected. And replacing these batteries are not cheap, in fact, a big percentage of the cost of an electric car is associated with its battery.

You will have to save up money to buy a battery in the future if you are using an electric car regularly. It is a disadvantage compared to conventional cars. 

Even though electricity used to charge and run electric cars is low and making them a cheaper alternative. They might not necessarily be the best values. Electric cars generally are more expensive than their counterparts. They have a higher cost of maintenance if something goes wrong.

The replacing of the battery is almost inevitable when you use them for years and its something to keep in mind when buying one. One can save up the money saved from not using petrol or diesel, and use it when the time comes to replace the battery. 


Time required to Charge an Electric Car

Time is money, and juicing up batteries is not like juicing up petrol tanks. Charging batteries need time and in some cases a lot of time. The time required to charge depends on the type of charger. Higher rated chargers can help the batteries to charge fast.  

For example, Nissan LEAF (2018) takes 11 hours to charge using a 3.7 kW charger, while it takes only an hour to charge using 43-50 kV rapid charging. There are other rated chargers that fall in the middle of the these. The faster the charging technology the costlier to set up. 

Manufacturers set up slower variants at home so that you can charge it overnight for a cheaper cost. The charging technology at homes usually uses 3.7 kV or 7 kV chargers to reduce the cost of setting up. Electric charging stations generally have higher and powerful chargers so that you can have a quick top-up and be on your way back soon.

Is Electric Car Charging Free

Another example is Tata Nexon EV powered by a 30.2 kWh lithium-ion battery. It takes about 60 minutes to charge 80% of the battery when using fast charging. But it takes about 8,5 hours to charge using a slower 15 Amp plug point. 

Charging times are also influenced by:

  • Size of battery, bigger batteries will take longer to charge. 
  • State of battery, an empty battery will take longer to fill up compared to a half-filled one. 
  • Charging technology of the vehicle itself, some vehicles have a cap of only 22 kV charging. Others have higher caps allowing them to charge faster. 
  • Temperature, the colder the surrounding, the more time it takes to charge. 

The Future of Electric Car Charging

The present and future are bright for electric cars in terms of charging. Right now, from a cost-based standpoint, electric cars absolutely trump gasoline-based cars. But when you factor in battery degradation and eventual replacement of the battery, it may not seem as lucrative of a deal. 

Electricity rates will obviously increase due to inflation. But the time taken to charge will reduce significantly due to better innovations in the technology. This and other advancements can give better mileage in the future. While they are technically not free to charge, they are cheaper compared to the running costs of petrol/diesel cars. The only caveat is the battery replacement of these components which can net a higher total cost in the end. 

Better technologies and manufacturing process allows the price to come down. This will make them cheaper more affordable for the public. The future will tell how much affordable these cars get and I am certain it will only get better.

Conclusion

Charging your electric car is not a free affair and will cost you every-time you plan on charging your car. From in-home wall chargers to charging stations you will be required to pay an amount based on the electricity consumed over the hour.

While DC charging is by far the costliest, companies like Volta are trying to bring around free DC charging at public stations making it much more convenient and cheaper than traditional charging booths.

With changes slowly taking place around the States we’re sure to have free electric car charging in the near future and it won’t be such a burden.

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Best Kids' Electric Cars

Ever wanted to drive as a kid, while you make missed the chance to be and feel like a true racer as a kid, you don’t want to let your kids pass on that dream. Your kids can now feel like a racer too, with the Best kids’ electric cars on the market.

These are safe, fun and feature-loaded machines that are excellent value and offer tons of fun for your kids. 

These electric cars are great for a variety of uses and they will also help your kids develop. Driving improves hand-eye coordination, awareness and gives your kids a sense of responsibility.

I have chosen some of the best electric cars for kids in the market right now. Your kids will be delighted to own any one of these as they are all excellent options.   

  • Best Choice Products Ride On 12V Car Truck
  • Uenjoy 12V Electric Lamborghini
  • Peg Perego John Deere Ground Force Tractor with Trailer
  • Kid Trax Dodge Viper SRT 12 V Ride On
  • Power Wheels Dune Racer

Best Kids’ Electric Cars

Why should grown-ups have all the fun?

Electric cars for kids have suddenly taken over the market by storm as the demand for them has grown over the past one year. They’re great, ideal for kids of all ages (not infants, obviously) and actually resemble a full scale electric car.

These are by far the best electric cars for kids that you can find online.

Best Choice Products Ride On 12V Car Truck

Best Choice Products Ride On 12V Car Truck is one of the more affordable models in this list makes it an attractive buy. It still offers tons of fun. The Ride On Car Truck is designed for both on-road and off-road use with its 14-inch large, durable wheels.

  • It can support only the rider but it has one of the best seats for comfortable long rides.  And it comes with a seat-belt for safety too. There are no doors so that kids can get in and out easily, there are metal railings for safety though.
  • Something that sets it apart from other electric cars for kids is that it features a modern dashboard.
  • The steering wheel looks and feels great and the Ride On Car Truck also offer music playback through an Aux port. Your kids can plug in a device of the choice and blast music as the cruise around your neighborhood. 
  • The Ride On Car Truck also offers variety in the color department with up to 5 choices. It also offers 3 driving modes compared to 2 found in most of its competition.
  • With parental controls for safety, you can change the driving modes that you deem best for your kids. With a slightly low max speed of 3.7 mph, the performance may seem to be lacking, but the Ride On Car Truck makes up for it in all categories and makes it one of the best electric scooters you can buy for kids.
  • It offers the best of all worlds, with excellent comfort, safety and performance over varied terrains. 
ProsCons
Looks and feels premium with a variety of colors to choose from.Can’t accommodate another passenger.
Features an excellent Dashboard with a speaker system.
Can be controlled by the kid driving or by remote.
Safe and comfortable with seatbelts and cushioned seats and a working suspension system.
Built-in LED lights.
Easy to assemble.

Click here to buy it on Amazon

Uenjoy 12V Electric Lamborghini

The Uenjoy Electric Lamborghini Aventador is one of the most stunning looking electric cars for kids. The detail and effort put into the design pays off as it looks like Lamborghini themselves made a kid’s version.

  • Along with the excellent design, the Uenjoy Lamborghini Aventador also boasts top tier performance and features. 
  • With speeds of 2 mph or 4 mph, and a reverse gear, it is versatile and fast. It also features a music system with Bluetooth connectivity and a working windshield.
  • The Uenjoy Lamborghini can also fit two kids for twice the fun and enjoyment. The remote-control support allows parents to help kids when learning.
  • And all this comes at one of the most affordable prices, it is truly one of the best electric cars for kids and is an absolute steal.  
ProsCons
Looks and feels fantastic like a real Lamborghini.Not suitable for rough terrains.
Powerful with a working gear shifter.Only one seat belt available.
Remote control support for safety.
Can accommodate two kids for better-shared experiences.
Offers great value for money at an affordable price.

Click here to buy it on Amazon

Peg Perego John Deere Ground Force Tractor with Trailer

If your kid is more down to earth with an interest in nature and farming, look no further than the Peg Perego John Deere Ground Force Tractor with Trailer. This is a one of its kind electric vehicle for kids that make kids feel like a real farmer. 

  • One of the most well-built electric cars on this list, it is great for on-road and especially off-road uses. It also features a trailer which great for carrying the agricultural load for your budding farmer.
  • With a total load capacity of 85 pounds, it can easily plough through any terrain with your kid and his farming resources. 
  • With 2 speed modes of either 2.5 mph or the more adventurous 4.5 mph, you can ensure safety for your child or provide them with all the power in the world he can ask for.
  • A fully functional entertainment system also makes it a complete package.  
ProsCons
One of a kind tractor design.Hard to replace the battery
Built to last with sturdy wheels.No remote control
Trailer for carrying things around.
Two-speed modes with an additional reverse gear too.
Comfortable padded seats with seatbelts for safety.
Functional FM radio and sound system.

Click here to buy it on Amazon

Kid Trax Dodge Viper SRT 12 V Ride On

The costliest on this list of best electric cars for kids is also the most sophisticated and powerful one. The Kid Trax Dodge Viper SRT 12V Ride On is all your kid can ever ask for.

  • With a powerful 12V battery ensuring long driving hours. The immaculate attention to design and detail also makes this one of the best-looking electric cars for kids. 
  • This attention to detail carries on to the interiors as well. The dashboard is fully kitted with an FM radio, music system, LED light system and a working horn. With a maximum carrying capacity of 130 lbs., it can carry an extra passenger too.
  • The Kid Trax Dodge Viper SRT also features sound effects for added realism and to offer the best possible experience for kids.
  • And the rubber traction tires make the Dodge Viper SRT can get around easily be it on-road or off-road.  
ProsCons
Powerful and strong with 130 lbs. carrying capacityExpensive.
Passenger seat and seatbelts for twice the fun and safety.No remote control
Designed with attention to detail and built to last long.
Functional doors and well-designed interiors.
Feature loaded with FM radio, music system, a horn and LED lights.

Click here to buy it on Amazon

Power Wheels Dune Racer

The Power heels Dune Racer is one of the best electric cars for kids for its versatility and practical approach. It can tread on and off-road which makes it versatile. The Dune Racer is spacious offering space for a fellow passenger. This doubles the fun for your kids.

  • There are no side doors which make it convenient to get in and get out. you don’t have to be worried about your kids accidentally falling out, because it comes with seatbelts for both the driver and the passenger.
  • The wheels are sturdy and strong enough to travel over grass, gravel and even small obstacles. This gives a variety and freedom to kids and increases possibilities.  
  • The Dune Racer is also equipped with a powerful motor, it can do up to 5 mph. There are two modes, one that limits the top speed to 2.5 mph and the other lets the kids zip at the full 5 mph top speed.
  • The Dune Racer even comes with a reverse gear that only makes it more versatile. The Dune Racer can support kids from 3-9 years old, thanks to the generous legroom in it.
  • The only downside I could think of for the Dune Racer is the lack of seat padding but you can get cheap seat pad and improve comfort while driving. 
  • The Power Wheels Dune Racer is a true off-road vehicle and is no slouch on-road as well.  
ProsCons
Big 12V battery offering hours of driving time.No seat cushioning which can make it uneasy for kids after a while.
Sturdy, durable wheels suited for on-road as well as off-road.
Metal sidebars for support
Supports driver and a passenger with seatbelts for safety.
Feature loaded with FM radio, music system, a horn and LED lights.

Click here to buy it on Amazon


Conclusion 

Electric cars for kids are extremely popular now and rightly so as they offer some of the best experiences for your kids. They are powerful, versatile and practical toys that will help your kids develop and have fun at the same time.

Finding a good electric car for your kids can be a hard thing because of all the option in the market, but the above list features some of the best electric cars for kids and you won’t go wrong choosing any of them for your kids.

Both you and your kids will be delighted with them.

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Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

Wondering if you should buy an electric car? It’s a nice place to be because you are considering options. This means you are going to learn if electric cars are good enough to sway you away from gasoline cars.

Electric cars undoubtedly the future but you may have concerns and doubts on if you should go electric. Automobile manufacturers are moving to fully electric cars in the near future.

With better technology, batteries, range, performance and benefits, electric cars seem to be the way to go. I will take you through all the advantages of an electric car so read on and decide for yourself if electric cars are better for you or not. 

These are the main reasons why Electric Cars are better than Gas cars:

  • Electric cars cheaper over their lifetime.
  • Electric cars are better for the environment.
  • Electric Cars improve your quality of life.
  • Lower Maintenance Charges.
  • Electric cars are safe cars and you get great support from manufacturers.
  • New electric cars can cover longer distances.
  • Government backed benefits like Tax credits, rebates and special rates for Electric Utility.

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars?

We have gone over electric cars in detail from the manufacturing process right till their very ends and no matter what anyone says, Electric cars are way better than gasoline cars on the long run and are cheaper to maintain though there is a significant amount you have to invest in order to buy an electric car.

They are not cheap but they are the future.

Let us take a look at why electric cars are better than gasoline powered cars.

Electric Cars are Cheaper 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

Electric cars are cheaper to run that is the year-on-year cost of electric cars are lower than that of gasoline cars. The lower costs of electricity across the country make the fuel used(electricity) to run electric cars comes cheap.

Electric cars do cost a bit more but they make up for it when running and in other areas. They are comparatively very cheap to run. And this will only get better as battery and production costs reduce in the future.

This makes electric cars a cheaper alternative compared to their competition. 

Electric Cars are Better for the Environment 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

This is probably the main reason why electric cars exist, their environmental impact. They have zero impact on the environment as they are zero-emission vehicles. They do cause damage to the environment when they are manufactured but this is getting lower with better production and research.

If there’s any reason you should choose an electric car over a gasoline car, it should be this, because you are helping in saving the environment. You are helping the future of mankind and all of the earth. Since no fuel is burnt, there is no air pollution or greenhouse gases emitted, and this helps in combating global warming and climate change. 

More Convenient Charging (Fueling) 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

Electric cars don’t need fuel to run so it’s one visit that you don’t have to do frequently. They don’t have oil to change too. This is beneficial as you don’t have to visit any fuel station over its lifetime.

You can charge your vehicle at home or at the office, with the latter growing in popularity. This reduces cost and is convenient as you don’t have to stop and waste time anywhere you don’t have to.

If you are scared that your electric vehicle might stop running on the way to someplace, don’t fret cause public charging stations are available.  

As Safe or Safer than Gasoline Cars 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

People think electric cars are more dangerous than conventional cars but they are not, this is a myth.

They are as safe as a conventional car when it comes to dealing with crashes or accidents. For example, the Tesla Model X has a perfect crash rating from NHSTA, making it one of the safest cars you can drive.

There is a fear that electric cars may catch fire, but this is not the case. In fact, even here electric cars trump gasoline cars.

The chance of an electric car catching fire is 1 in every 120 million miles compared to 1 in 20 million miles for gasoline cars. 

Low Maintenance Cost

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

This is a benefit I have already mentioned, electric cars are cheap to maintain. And they cost less over their lifetime compared to gasoline cars.

  • This is because, the technology that drives them is simple. They have far lesser moving parts and moving parts are the reason for maintenance in gasoline cars as they tend to fail.
  • Electric cars are so easy to maintain that many owners have gone years without having to visit a service center. 
  • You might be worried that the battery using similar technology to that of our phones and so they may need replacing in a year or two. I understand the cause for worry but you don’t have to.
  • Electric cars are built with several years of use in mind and so manufacturers innovate heavily on battery technology. The result, batteries that last for years and thousands of miles.

Manufacturers offer 8-10 year or 100k mile warranties on battery, whichever comes earlier. It is also expected that batteries can perform for 15 years, so you don’t have to worry about them in any way. Manufacturers also offer 3 years or 36000 miles of free services in a bid to pull customers to electric cars.

Quiet Operation 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

Quality of life improvements is a huge plus for electric cars. Apart from reducing frequent visits to the gas station, they run almost silent. This helps both you inside the car and the people outside.

We all love the comfort of our homes, and one of the reasons is homes are a silent place and this makes them peaceful. Electric cars can mimic your home in terms of quietness.

This will help reduce your stress and for people, on the road, because noise pollution is a nuisance. 

Better Driving Experience 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

This is another quality-of-life improvement, electric cars have high torque. The High Torque makes them extremely quick and they accelerate faster than gasoline cars. Gasoline cars lose time and energy as they have to pass energy through the transmission. Electric cars power their motors directly and this makes them quick from the get-go.

Apart from being quick, electric cars are extremely smooth and consistent to drive in. This is because the energy required to power the car is provided in a controlled and efficient way.

Some might still find the sound and feel of a gasoline car fun, but fun always doesn’t mean convenient. Gasoline cars feel clunky and clumsy when compared to electric cars and many people agree on it. Electric cars that are produced for racing are extremely fun to drive, and this you can ask Richard Branson, as he sponsors the Formula-E championship.  

Overall, they are smooth, quick, powerful and fun to ride.

Long-range of Newer Electric Cars

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

Electric cars have come a long way since their introduction and the fear of short-range on a single charge can be put to sleep.

With better battery technology and capacities, electric cars run for longer on a single charge than before.

Chevrolet Bolt, one of the first mass-produced electric car, has a range of more than 200 miles. This will keep you covered for over a week and more without even needing to charge.

And do you know how convenient it is to charge electric cars? Just plug them at your home and you will be ready to go. This is possible due to advancements in battery technology, regenerative braking and electric motors.

Future electric cars will only get better in terms of the range of the vehicle on a single charge. 

Tax Credits and Other Benefits 

Why are Electric Cars Better than Gas Cars

Electric cars owners are titled to receive tax credits from the government. This is to encourage buying of electric cars, it’s just an added incentive in the long list of advantages for an electric car. Owners can earn $7,500 in tax credit and maybe more depending on the state benefits. 

Purchasing and installing electric charging stations for home or business can give you up to 30% back in tax savings. This makes the overall deal of moving to electric cars sweeter. Electric car owners also get free public charging at many stations across the country.

Rebates and special rates on your Electric utility will help you charge your electric car free of cost. This is because 80% of electric car charging takes place at home. Thus, the State and federal government are supporting the rise of electric car technology. They offer programs to make the shift a faster and more convenient one for the consumer. 

Conclusion 

With all the benefits and advantages of choosing an electric car, I would be surprised at why anyone would choose a gasoline car unless it is significantly cheaper.

Electric cars are only going to get cheaper, better and they are the future. Buying a new gasoline car makes little to no sense unless there is no electric car in the price bracket or performance.

With the shift to electric cars heavily supported by the government, one can easily know that it is the future. And with all the advantages, there has never been a better time to buy an electric car over any other car technologies.  

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Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment

The environment is now a constant subject of talk, and the reasons are humans. We having been taking things for granted and now they are coming to bite us in the back. Just a few decades earlier, we were only focused on moving forward and innovating things to better suit and improve our lifestyles. 

Transport is one such field in which we have been innovating for more than 100 years now. We never knew it could cause such disruptions in the environment and now we have to adjust ourselves. We have to accept the fact that gasoline cars are harmful to the environment. This makes them harmful for us, and we have to make changes soon.

One possible solution is moving to electric cars and it will be a solution only if everything is done right. Let’s look at why we are shifting and why electric cars can solve problems caused by conventional cars. 

Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment?

Electric cars are a simple concept. They have electricity stored in their batteries and this electricity powers the motor that run the wheels of the car. It is like a remote-control car just big enough for people to travel in. But gasoline cars are more complicated to run, they have an engine that produces energy by burning fuel, this energy is used to run the vehicle.

The difference in technology is the reason for all the fuss and debates. Since electric cars don’t burn fuel, they don’t emit any gases. On the contrary, traditional gasoline cars still do.

So obviously you might think that electric cars are better for the environment. It’s not always the case, and I will explain in detail if electric cars are actually better for the environment or if they do cause significant damage to the environment. 

Benefits of Electric Cars

Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment?

Electric cars have benefits and some of these are why they are the future of the automobile industry. They are: 

  • Reduced Environmental Impact: This is the most important benefit an electric car or vehicle has. They are green vehicles and they help the environment, at least they don’t damage as much as gasoline-based vehicles. They are environmentally friendly because they don’t burn fuel to run and this means no emission of greenhouse gases.

Greenhouses gases trap heat in the atmosphere and this increases the temperature of our planet. This also affects the climate and hence the names Global Warming and Climate Change. Electric cars are some of the technologies to fight against them.  

  • Electric cars have a lower carbon footprint over their lifetime compared to gasoline cars in almost 95% of the world. Only countries that are fully dependent on non-renewable sources of energy, they can have a worse impact on the environment. But countries are moving towards cleaner greener sources of electricity. This makes electric cars only better to drive and have a lower impact on the environment.  
  • Reduced Noise Pollution: Electric cars run almost silent. There is no engine and so there are no pistons being pumped or fuel being burnt. Electric cars also have very few moving parts and this allows for silent operation. This can help in noise pollution in crowded cities which can a positive impact on the mental health of the public. 

Most states are moving toward renewable and sustainable sources of energy for the production of their electricity and this helps on the long run as charging an electric car in these states will be completely Eco-friendly rather than those that depend on fossil fuel for generation of their electricity.

Disadvantages of E-Cars: Do the Pros Really Make up for the Cons? 

Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment?

The main disadvantage, for now, is that they are costlier than gasoline cars. This makes them a hard sell for customers on a budget. Apart from this, electric cars do cause a certain amount of damage to the environment during their lifetimes.

  • Electric cars don’t emit any greenhouse gases while running so this makes the zero-emission vehicles. But they do cause emissions when they are being produced and this emission can be up to 68% more than when gasoline cars are produced.
  • Electric cars can also be a source of emissions depending on the source of their electricity. For example, if the source of electricity for an electric is from a coal power plant. The emissions during the production of electricity fall on the back of electric cars.
  • Electric cars are also not always clean and this I have explained above. It doesn’t make sense to buy an electric car in a region where electricity is exclusively produced from nonrenewable sources. In this such regions, gasoline cars are better alternatives because of the high emissions during the production of electric cars. 

All this may seem like that electric cars are no better than gasoline cars but that’s not true. The significant damage caused by electric cars is primarily during the initial phase of their lives and this can be changed by adopting cleaner energy sources for both the manufacturing and maintenance of electric cars.

Regulating Electric Cars

Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment

Policies, incentives and regulation have been introduced by the government in the hopes of speeding up the electric vehicle adoption process. Both the state and the federal government have different policies to help this change: 

Federal

Owners can avail tax credits of $2500-$7,500 for electric vehicles depending on the battery capacity. This was established by The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Converting conventional gasoline-powered vehicles to electric vehicles by retrofitting kits can provide you with up to $4000 for one vehicle. 

New Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) encourages the adoption of electric drive technologies. Cars and light trucks from 2012 onward need to have 16% greater fuel economy than 25.5 mpg of the previous year under stricter CAFE standards. CAFE also requires 33% greater fuel economy for vehicles from 2016 over 2011 vehicles. This increases pressure on automobile manufacturers to move to Hybrid and electric vehicle technologies sooner. 

State

At least 47 US states including the District of Columbia have set up regulations to promote electric vehicle usage. And 40 of these 47 states provide tax benefits/rebates for purchases if Hybrid/Electric Vehicles. The district of Columbia along with 13 other states are adopting clear air standards similar to the likes of California. This would need automobile manufactures to reduce greenhouse vehicles by 30%. This would help innovation and adoption of electric vehicles. 

As of now, these regulations and policies are an urge to make manufacturers and consumers move to electric vehicles as soon as possible. These restrictions make manufacturers sell at least some zero-emission vehicles for them to meet the standards. Policies like giving tax credits are not going to stay on forever as EVs are becoming more cost-competitive. Universal electrification of roads still has a lot of challenges. These include issues like vehicle licensing, taxation, charging standards and management of grid demand.  

The Future of Electric Cars 

Are Electric Cars Better for the Environment

The future is bright for electric cars, with various innovations in battery technology and production of the vehicles. This will bring down the costs further and that is a win for the consumer.

Better production yields and battery technology will help the fight against climate change. Electric cars are slowly going to phase out conventional gasoline-based vehicles. Hybrid vehicles may still be a thing, because of their lower emissions and better fuel efficiency when compared to conventional cars. 

The future will make electric cars affordable and more environmentally friendly. They might probably be the only cars running.

For now, there’s still a lot of development and even regulations required. All the players in the industry need to work together. The government, the manufacturers and consumers have to work towards the dream of an electric future come true.

Conclusion

I feel that electric cars make up for their shortcomings, except for in some niche cases like in Poland where the country exclusively depends on fossil fuel energy. I also think that in the future, the current disadvantages will be diminished because of better technologies, production and the shift to cleaner greener energy.

Only time will tell if electric cars are better for the environment, as of now they are good enough to bring about a change but there are a few issues that still have to be addressed and will take time to be implemented.

Till then we can resort to either hybrid cars or start off with an electric car and hope the changes kick in faster than we anticipated.

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What Inspired India to move towards EVs

Electric Vehicles (EVs) are the future. Lots of countries are moving towards electric vehicles, it was only a matter of time before India followed. The reason, benefits of moving to EVs over conventional vehicles are nothing to snark at. 

The country’s Transport Minister, Nitin Gadkari vowed to move to 100% electric cars by 2030, which seemed too steep a goal. Later he and the Bhartiya Janata Party-led government reduced it to 30%. While the reduced target may seem like a letdown, but when compared against the huge automobile industry of India, this change has been welcomed with open arms.

So what actually inspired India to move toward EVs?

Though it’s not as simple as you might think, India actually has its heart in the right place here. With growing dependence on importing fuel, higher pollution levels in the country and in a bid to reduce their overall green-house emissions, India opted to shift into electric vehicles back in 2015 under the FAME scheme or the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles scheme.

Let me take you through the primary reasons as to what inspired India to opt for a greener future with EVs.

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

India like many other countries of the world have been fighting tirelessly to put an end to pollution by adopting greener measures that can ensure the safety of their citizens.

Being considered a polluted country, the people of India have slowly begun to understand that the only way out is via sustainable energy production and by using Eco-friendly means of transportation such as Electric Vehicles.

India has a few important goals that it wants to achieve with the shift to EVs:

  • To reduce pollution from the automobile industry. 
  • Gain from reducing oil imports. 
  • Sustained and greener electricity production. 
  • To fight Climate Change. 

Let us take a look at how these factors have been able to inspire India to transition to EVs: 


Reducing their Overall Pollution Levels 

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

This is probably the most clear-cut advantage and the reason for going green in the automobile industry for any country right now. The reduction in pollution moving to EVs from conventional vehicles cannot be ignored.

Electric vehicles emit zero greenhouse gases while running. This reduces air pollution and in turn there’s a reduction in global green-house emissions. They also aid in reducing noise pollution, gasoline engines create a lot of noise during the combustion of fuel. Electric vehicles run almost silently. This is can help improve mental health too by reducing stress.  

India has some of the most polluted cities in the world. These are directly in relation to the number of vehicles running in the cities.

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

When these vehicles are all powered by gasoline ones, it’s a cause for concern. The emissions from these vehicles are too high and they are a menace when it comes to noise too. This shift could also reduce nearly one gigaton of carbon dioxide emissions. 

Reducing Oil Imports 

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

Using less of electric vehicles means using less of fuel used to power them. Not all of the fuel used in vehicles are obtained internally and so to meet demands, fuel is imported into the country. This increases cost and dependency on supply. Everyone loves to be independent and the fact that using EVs could help in that aspect only makes India adopt Electric vehicles sooner. 

Electric vehicles don’t need fuel and this helps in reducing oil imports. Almost 80% of the oil used in India is imported. A large chunk of this used in the transport industry. Reducing oil imports benefits the country financially. And one would be mad to let this opportunity slip away. 

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

Oil imports are a considerable expenditure and this will help the economy more. For example, a report from eia (Environment Impact Assessment) had stated that as of 2015 India had a 75% net import dependence which meant that at that time India used to import at least 75% of it’s oil and petroleum from other countries.

FICCI and Rocky Mountain Institute published a report titled ‘Enabling India’s Transition to Electric Mobility’. It states that moving to electric vehicles in the passenger sector could save $300 billion for the country. 


Better and Sustainable Energy Production 

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

Electric vehicles are only as clean as their source of energy used in production and to run them. Using clean energy sources contributes very little to pollution and greenhouse emissions. But if they are produced or use electricity from burning fossil fuels to run, they can have a worse impact than gasoline cars. This is because producing an electric vehicle requires more energy, on average 15-68% more.

Using electricity from fossil fuel burning is counterproductive to the change. The emissions from fossil fuel burning will diminish the benefits of EVs. 

Moving to electric vehicles without moving away from non-renewable energy sources can have a more negative impact on pollution. So, moving to electric vehicles also lays the groundwork and need for cleaner sources of energy. This pushes India towards the goal, in a more effective and faster rate now that the need is higher. The move is already happening and the move to electric vehicles can only be a catalyst. 

India could potentially be the biggest EV market and this is positive for the industry. India should learn from Countries like Norway and Sweden. Electric vehicles take up 49.1% of the total annual vehicle sales in Norway. The reason for such an effective transition is the role of their government. Government money was used to kick-start charging stations. The government also invested in financial incentives for taking part in the movement. Private companies are now in the game and taking over operations.

India has pledged certain goals under the Paris agreement for sustainable energy development. These are: 

  • By 2030, at least 40% of electricity generated will be from non-fossil fuel sources. 
  • At least 175 Gigawatts of electricity through renewables sources by 2022. 
  • Afforestation allowing up to 3.0 billion tons of carbon dioxide to be stored in sinks and reservoirs. 

Climate Change 

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

We all are in the fight against climate change. For someone who might have missed it, climate change is the fast-deteriorating climate conditions of our planet.

The reason being almost all our activities cause damage to the environment. How? The energy that we produce for our daily activities is at the expense of burning fossil fuels (mostly) and this causes emissions. The emissions are greenhouse gases which trap heat in the atmosphere increasing the temperature of our planet. This can have very adverse effects on the climate. The reason it is referred to as the climate change.  

There is a phased plan in place to have manufacturing units and plants comply with green norms by 2022.

What Inspired India to move towards EVs

This is a fight not only for India, but for all of us, sure we can’t stop it completely because we live for the comfort of our bodies but emissions can reduce if we are smart about it and want to work toward a better future. One of the worst contributors to this problem is the use of vehicles.

Rightly so, India is starting to shift to electric vehicles because they have a lower carbon footprint than conventional combustion-engine cars. 

India has pledged to reduce per capita emissions based on GDP by 33-35% of 2005 by 2030. In 2014, when India was the fourth-largest contributor to greenhouse emissions, there was no data released. Moving to EVs is part of the answer in reducing these emissions.

In some rare cases, electric cars be a worse contributor to climate change (Poland). But when done right, electric vehicles can be extremely beneficial towards the fight against Climate change.

This is also a driving factor for India and it should be the same with all countries as well.

We are in this fight because we are the cause. And the move to electric vehicles is a start. India and other countries making the move are smart and doing the right thing because they are inevitably the future.

Conclusion 

The move towards EVs has already started but the road is long and a lot of challenges are poised. Everything from the vehicles to cleaner energy production will take time and money and infrastructure. But this is a no brainer for any country in the next few years, moving to electric cars are vital for the environment. Places like India following suit is the right example for other countries. 

India is following Norway’s footsteps with the Indian government kick-starting the shift and this is the way to move forward. The players in the market now have to work towards the transition and should make sure all this pans out well. Only the future will tell what happens, India’s heart seems to be at the right place. All that’s left is to put in the effort and investment to make the dream of green cars come true. 

The positives surrounding going full EVs is the driving factor for this change. The benefits too huge to be ignored. The reduction in pollution alone is a good enough reason to go electric. But coupled with that, India can gain a lot financially from reducing oil imports. Going full green is also an initiative to produce electricity from green and clean sources. All these advantages help this change a no brainer and it’s the right thing to do.

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Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain

With the world moving to electric cars and with all the promise of electric vehicles saving the world, anyone concerned would surely be tempted to buy in the hopes of bringing a positive change to the environment.

It is certainly up for debate that if they are actually better for the environment or not, but they are surely the future.

So, are electric cars cheaper to maintain?

Based on the data collected, electric cars are cheaper to maintain on the long run as compared to their gasoline counterparts. Electric cars are primarily a one-time major investment and the type of fuel it runs on (electricity) is cheaper than gasoline making the overall maintenance lower than conventional gasoline cars. However, if you’re taking the manufacturing process into consideration then gasoline cars are cheaper on the whole.

I will now break it down for you and explain the costs of owning and maintaining an electric car to see if electric cars are in fact cheaper to maintain. My aim is to help you decide if its financially viable, better or worse for you compared to using a gasoline car.  

Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain?

As the same with all forms of transportation, electric cars do require their regular maintenance and check-ups. Apart from the service of the car, recharging the batteries that run the car is another investment but it does not mean that as an investment it’s going to cost a lot to maintain an electric car.

Contrary to the belief of many, electric cars are rather cheaper to manage and maintain but are an expensive one-time investment. I am going to dive deep into how much it costs to own, use and maintain an electric car. I will also make a small comparison between the two later.

Let’s cover the upfront buying costs, fuel/electricity cost, and maintenance cost as all these are important factors to be taken into consideration when calculating if electric cars are cheaper to maintain.

Technology 

Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain

The technology is the reason there is a cost difference between electric cars and gasoline cars. We all know how much it costs to use and maintain a gasoline car.

The concept of electric cars is fairly new and we have been seeing them commercially available for a few years now. This makes the cost calculating process different because the technology is different.

Cost of Maintaining an Electric Car

Every car requires a form of maintenance, be it an engine work-up an oil change or just a top-up of fuel. This can result with you spending more than you’d anticipate and is what makes it dicey to own a gasoline car.

Electric cars on the other hand do not require the same type of maintenance that gasoline cars do and the source of fuel to power an electric car is obtained from our electricity grid so it’s cheaper to recharge your electric car than to top it off with fuel.

Here’s the complete break-up of what you’d be paying to maintain an electric car.

Higher Initial Investment 

Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain

Electric cars as I have said earlier is a new technology, they use electricity from their batteries to power their motors.

  • The manufacturing process is new and the money and time spent in Research and Development (R&D) are high. This drives the cost of buying a new electric car high.  
  • Then comes the battery, electric cars have huge high-density lithium-ion batteries. These batteries are hard to manufacture and drive up the cost significantly. The materials used in the batteries are rare and extracting them is hard. This is evident when buying the same model car with different technologies.  
  • Setting up in home charging might cost extra but it is a onetime investment and you can use it for other electric vehicles too. It can cost anywhere from $500-$900 for the home charging system and installing it can set you back by $500-$2000. On average it will cost around $2000 which leads to the higher initial investment of owning an electric car.  

All this makes electric cars cost more to buy than the average gasoline cars or their respective gasoline counterparts. 

Car Petrol VariantElectric Variant
Mini Cooper$24,250.00$30,750.00
Hyundai Kona$21,440.00$38,330.00

So, this shows that electric cars cost more to buy than the average gasoline cars or their respective gasoline counterparts. 

Cost of Fuel (In this case, Electricity)  

Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain

Electric cars run on electricity and need no fuel making them void of fuel charges. This means that during the lifetime, you have to worry only about taking a hit to your electricity bill and spoiler alert it’s not that big of a hit.  

  • Electric cars have batteries that you can charge at home with the help of included chargers. The batteries are rated with certain kWh and this determines the range of electric cars. The higher the kWh, the longer you can travel without needing to charge again. 

To calculate the electricity used and the cost of electricity we need to know the battery rating and range of the vehicle.

The Hyundai Kona uses 27kW of energy for every 100 miles, while Mini electric uses 31 kWh of energy for every 100 miles.

Electricity costs vary from region to region and this makes it hard to calculate. But taking an average and working with it gives these costs for 45,000 miles. 

Car Electric Variant
Mini Cooper$1939.00
Hyundai Kona$1723.00

This is cheaper than their gasoline counterparts because electricity is cheaper almost everywhere.  

Lower maintenance charges 

Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain

Using any vehicle calls for maintenance from time to time. This is because of the moving parts in them and these are subject to wear and tear over time. Electric vehicles have only two moving parts, the motor and the wheels. This makes it easy to maintain them, and there is also no use of oils to help the car run efficiently. The fewer the number of moving parts, the lower the chance of failure of any such parts. 

  • The technology of electric cars is simple compared to the ones found in gasoline cars. This simpler technology aids in lower maintenance and making the overall cost lower.
  • In an effort to help people switch to electric cars, manufacturers offer benefits like free maintenance for the first 3 years or first 36,000 miles, whichever comes first. This reduces the overall cost of an electric car over its lifetime. But ignoring the free maintenance, electric cars like Hyundai Kona and Mini Electric cost $2,970 for every 45,000 miles.   
Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain
  • When compared to their direct gasoline counterparts, they are cheaper. The Mini (gasoline) requires $3,839 of maintenance while the Hyundai Kona (gasoline) will set you back by $4,091 for maintenance over 45,000 miles. 
  • There is one another maintenance cost for electric cars and this is the battery, it’s all about the battery for an electric car. Over time, a battery loses its capacity due to degradation. This means you’ll have to replace the battery down the line if you are planning to use it for beyond the manufacturer’s warranty or lifetime range. 
  • Manufacturers offer 8 to 10 years of warranty or 1,00,000 to 1,50,000 miles, but if you are planning to use beyond that, you will have to replace your existing one. This can set you back by $4,500 in the case of a Nissan Leaf. But the savings you get from other maintenance charges can easily cover up for this. 

Electric Cars Tax Credits 

Are Electric Cars Cheaper to Maintain

To catalyze the process of electric car adoption, the government offers incentives to owners. This comes as tax credits to the owners. 

Electric car owners are titled to $7500 in tax credits and this reduces the total cost by $7500 which is not a small amount.  

Comparison between electric cars and gasoline cars

Electric CarsGasoline Cars
Upfront Purchase CostHigher for electric cars due to manufacturing process and use of huge batteries.Significantly lower than similarly performing electric cars due to maturity in technology.
Maintenance CostLower than gasoline powered cars, due to simpler technology.Higher due the use of lots of moving parts.
Fuel/Electricity ChargesElectric cars cost less because electricity is cheaper than fuel.Gasoline cars tend to cost more for the same amount of distance traveled.
Tax Credits$7500 tax credit bringing down the total cost of electric cars.No tax credits for gasoline cars.
OverallElectric cars tend to be costlier over the 3-year period.Gasoline cars though not so environmentally friendly are cheaper to buy and this is still a factor influencing purchases.

You can also use this tool from the US Department of Energy to compare different vehicles. They can compare based on their initial price, cost of use, carbon footprint and overall cost of the vehicle year on year. It is effective and helps you get a better picture of which car you should choose based on cost and carbon footprint. Remember both cost and carbon footprint being lower will make your wallet happy and in turn the environment safer. 

Conclusion 

Electric cars are cheaper over time in some cases and in some they are not, it all comes down to the model and region. For now, gasoline vehicles are generally the cheaper of the two. This is due to the mature manufacturing process and the battery found in electric cars. When it comes to running and maintaining, electric cars trump gasoline cars. It is because electricity is cheaper and electric cars require less maintenance. 

The cost of battery manufacturing is coming down and this can only be good for the future of electric cars. Better and a more mature manufacturing process combined with cheaper batteries will bring down the cost of electric cars. The future is bright for electric cars and that future is just a few years away. 

While they are little on the costlier side of things now, the fact that they are environmentally friendly cannot be ignored. It is a small price to pay if you are concerned about the environment. Buying a gasoline car is sensible for now if the cost is of utmost importance, but this can change soon in the near future.  

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What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

We are all aware about what a battery does for us on a daily basis but have you ever wondered what happens to old electric car batteries? Do they get recycled or reused?

Electric car batteries are some of the most complex types of batteries and are quite hard to break-down. These batteries require special care and the dismantling process can only be carried out by trained professionals.

It’s these batteries which are the main cause of green-house gasses and disposing of them in the right way is something that has to be followed no matter which country you’re from.

Let’s take a quick look at what happens to electric car batteries when they’re deemed unfit for use.

What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

Batteries are like the engines of an electric car. They are the primary source of energy to electric cars.

They don’t produce energy, instead, they store it in their batteries to power the motors. Therefore, a lot of research and development of an electric vehicle is focused on battery technology.

In this article, I will be going through everything about electric car batteries. Staring from the technology to the end of their life cycles. 

In Cars, the two most popular battery technologies are:  

  • Lithium-Ion
  • Lead-Acid

Lithium-Ion Batteries 

What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries are used in almost all portable consumer electronics like laptops and phones because of their high energy density. They can store higher capacities per unit mass compared to other battery technologies. Other advantages include high energy efficiency, good high-temperature performance and low self-discharge. These qualities make them the best fit for portable electronics and electric vehicles. Lithium-ion batteries help vehicle manufacturers save on space because of their high energy density. 

Lithium-ion batteries are also safer than most battery technologies. But they can be harmful or cause explosions or fires when put under a lot of pressure, but they are safer than other technologies. This combined with manufacturers pushing for safety first helps to protect customers. 

Lithium-ion batteries are costlier than other battery technologies. But with most Electric vehicles and Hybrid vehicles sporting them, they are constantly researched upon. They are the best-fit for electric vehicles. Research and development are focused on reducing their high cost, life cycle, capacity and better safety measures. They will be the primary technology for batteries in electric cars and so I will be focusing more on them below. 

Lead-Acid Batteries 

What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

These are some of the commonly found batteries in vehicles but certain disadvantages make them not suitable for current EV technology. They are found in gasoline cars and older electric cars. Lead-acid batteries are designed to have high power, cheap, and safe. But they fall short because of low specific energy and poor cold-temperature performance. They also have a short life cycle and this calls for frequent replacing. Advanced versions of these batteries are being developed to be used in vehicles but only to provide support power. Lead-acid batteries are not so popular in the electric vehicle segment anymore so I won’t be focusing on this technology anymore. 

What’s the Impact of Electric Car Batteries on the Environment?

What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

Batteries like any commodity have their own carbon footprint and cause their own fair share of troubles for the environment.

  • Batteries found in electric cars, that is lithium-ion batteries are hard to manufacture. They use rare earth metals, like lithium and cobalt. Extracting these metals are hard and, in the process, use a lot of energy and cause a lot of emissions. And this can cause a significant impact on the environment.
  • These batteries are a reason why electric cars have a higher footprint than gasoline cars during production.  While they do have their negative impacts on the environment, it is the versatility of Lithium-ion car batteries that make them the present and the future of electric vehicles.
  • The impact on the environment can be reduced because of their re-usability. After their life powering cars, these batteries can be used in factories and homes by feeding them into the energy cycle. 
  • Repurposing lithium-ion batteries can create a closed-loop for the birth and eventual recycling of the batteries. This means that the battery manufacturers can use the batteries again to generate power for the factory. This helps in waste and reduces environmental impact compared to throwing away the batteries or not being able to recycle them.   

Large car manufacturers are already creative in the repurposing of lithium-ion batteries and have plans for them.

  • Nissan wants to provide backup power to the Amsterdam ArenA (home to Ajax Football club) by using retired electric car batteries.
  • Toyota plans to install retired batteries outside convenience stores in Japan. These batteries will store electricity from solar panels and will power fridges and other appliances inside the store.
  • Renault will use the batteries from the Renault Zoe EV in a home energy battery storage system called the Power-vault. 

The Life of Electric Car Batteries

What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

Rechargeable batteries undergo cycles of discharge and charge, and this is true for electric vehicles too. Batteries in electric cars discharge when they run and charge when they are plugged in. This process affects the amount of charge that can be held by a battery. And this leads to a reduction of range and time taken to charge.

  • Manufacturers offer 5-10 years of warranty but batteries can last for 10-20 years before they need for replacement arises.  
  • Manufactures offer 8-year warranties or 1,00,000-1,50,000 miles for their batteries, Nissan and Tesla offer such warranties. This when compared to other lithium-ion batteries, it is baffling for me.
  • Phones and laptops use the same battery technology but they start to considerably lose their capacity in a couple of years. Phones and laptop batteries can have a couple of hundred charge cycles before starting to lose their capacity. This is because phones are deemed as products that are used for a few years at max. And phones aren’t the major cause of all the debate around global warming.
  • EV manufacturers have to design batteries that can last for thousands of miles. Most of the innovation in the EV industry goes to the battery because they are the engine of an EV.

The better the battery, the better the use case and purpose of electric vehicles. Poor battery technology can only cause more harm to the environment. Clever design technologies in the battery help them to achieve longer, more sustained battery life in an electric vehicle. 

Disposal of Electric Car Batteries

What happens when they are fully dead like when these batteries can’t hold a charge anymore? Instead of reusing, these batteries are either disposed or sent for recycling. Batteries use chemicals that are toxic and hazardous to the environment and all kinds of lifeforms. So this requires them to be disposed of safely. 

If batteries are not disposed of properly, they can cause extreme cases of air and water pollution. They are extremely hazardous and poisonous to life forms. The chemicals can cause widespread damage if not disposed of carefully.

All battery technologies are harmful and toxic if not disposed of safely, including the ones in electric cars. But manufacturers are working towards battery life cycle management to solve the expensive and toxic disposal of batteries. These include reuse of batteries and recycling them. 

Reuse/Recycling 

What Happens to Old Electric Car Batteries

The lithium-ion batteries found in Electric cars are versatile and give many years of use. So, once they are removed (retired) from cars because they are not as efficient, they are deemed to be dead. They still have life left in them; they just lose their ability to provide a decent driving experience.

  • These retired batteries are used to power homes, offices or factories in a larger battery system. In here, the batteries store electricity that can be used later when needed.  
  • If your home is powered by renewable energy sources like solar or wind, you can use the electricity generated to be stored in these retired batteries. This can help in reducing bills and can be better for the environment too. These batteries are used in industries like hospitals too to power electrical components. 
  • Batteries when they are fully dead without any re-usability, they are either disposed of or recycled. During recycling, separation of materials takes place. Materials like Cobalt, lithium salts, aluminum, copper and steel are separated.
  • The recycling process now only yields half the materials. But manufacturers are working on this and want to improve the recycling yield. 

Volkswagen is leading the charge as it announced a plant for battery recycling that target to recycle 97% of the battery components. The batteries are shredded, dried and sieved to recover as much material as possible. These materials will help in the manufacturing of batteries.   

Conclusion 

Electric cars are here to stay and so are their batteries. The only change I can see in the future is them getting better.

Batteries will always be harmful, and there will always be a negative impact on the environment. All we can do is to reduce this impact by innovating in these technologies. Manufacturers are working towards them.

With better technology, they will be cheaper, more efficient and have longer life cycles. With innovative reuse and recycling programs, the environmental impact of batteries will reduce.

The future looks good for electric vehicle batteries and the industry is moving in the right direction.  

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Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

The raging debate between electric cars and gas cars goes on and on. The reason it’s raging on is that there is no definite answer to them at least for now. At least in the current state of the things.

Electric cars are “The Future” and rightly so because they of the initial promise. But they are still improving and innovating on the technology. But just because something will be better or the best in the future one shouldn’t jump on the bandwagon now. 

In fact, we have to know the ins and out of the subject at hand. Making an educated decision is always better than walking in blind. To help you decide, I am going to compare electric and gas cars on various topics they are generally pitted against. There are lots of comparisons drawn between the two automobile technologies.

Let’s take a look at the differences we’ll be covering to determine whether it’s better to opt for an Electric Car or a Gasoline Car: 

  • Technology Used to Power Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars
  • The Cost Difference between Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars
  • Environmental Impact of Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars
  • Performance differences between Electric and Gas Cars
  • Fuel and Energy required  to run Electric and Gas Cars

Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

There are a significant number of difference between electric cars and gas cars right from what powers them to their impact on the environment. Both are designed to look alike but would not perform the same way.

Let’s get into the major differences between Electric cars and Gas powered cars to see which one is better and the most ideal to use.

Technology Used to Power Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars

Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

Electric cars run on electricity, that is they use the charge in their batteries and use it to run the motors. This gives them a huge advantage when it comes to emission of greenhouse gases as there is no fuel being burnt. 

Gas cars run on fuel (petrol or diesel); they work by burning the fuel in a combustion engine. This process produces energy to move cars. The energy generated during combustion powers the vehicle.

The side effect being, burning of fuel emits greenhouse gases and these gases are harmful to the environment. These gases cause global warming because they trap heat. 

The Cost Difference between Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars

Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

Electric cars are relatively a new product to the market, this makes them a little expensive.

  • This is because the manufacturing process is new and a lot of new plants have to be set up for them. Research and development of a new product are also high. So, the upfront cost of an electric car can be high compared to that of a similarly performing gas vehicle.

For example, a Hyundai Kona costs $21,440 for the gasoline version whereas the Hyundai Kona electric costs $38,330. This puts the electric cars at a disadvantage, but it’s a small price to pay for innovation and new class product. 

  • Costs are not driven only by the price of a product, over the course of a vehicle’s lifetime, we have considered the cost due to fuel and maintenance too. When it comes to maintenance, electric cars cheaper to maintain. They don’t need frequent oil changes and other engine check-ups.  

Fuel or electricity charges that are the cost required to drive the cars. Let’s take both versions of the Hyundai Kona again

  • The gasoline version requires 3.3 gallons of fuel for every 100 miles.
  • The Hyundai Kona Electric uses 27-kWh of energy for every 100 miles.

As of February last year, the average fuel cost was $2.44 per gallon. For 45,000 miles this adds up to $3623. Electricity prices are all over the place depending on the region. But after taking everything into consideration, it would cost $1723 for the electric Kona to travel 45,000 miles. 

Owners of electric cars receive tax credits of $7,500 bringing down the overall cost of driving one. By this comparison, the Hyundai Kona costs $39,817 over a three-year period. While the Hyundai Kona electric costs $47,811 including the tax credit. When a similar comparison is drawn between Mini Hardtop(fuel) and Mini Electric, the cost for Three-year period $41,454 and $41,812 respectively.

Electric cars also have incentives like free maintenance from the manufactures for 3-years.  

In the end, electric cars end up costing more than their fuel-powered counterparts over a 3-year period.  

Environmental Impact of Electric Cars and Gasoline Cars

Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

This is probably the most debated topic revolving around electric and gasoline cars. Because measuring the environmental impacts of a product is not easy to determine. The carbon footprint of a product is a reliable way to find the environmental impact when taking all the factors into consideration. And in the case of cars, we have to take all the possible sources of pollution over their lifetime. This includes production when they are running and after their lifetime when they are sent to recycling.  

  • During production, electric cars tend to fare worse than gas cars and this is primarily due to the mining process for rare earth materials like Lithium and Cobalt. The higher carbon footprint of electric cars mostly falls on the back of the batteries used in them.
Electric Cars vs Gas Cars
  • During running, electric cars produce zero-emission making the obvious choice over gasoline cars. But the source of electricity should be taken into consideration. If the electricity to charge the vehicles are from nonrenewable sources, then electric cars can be as harmful as gasoline cars to run.
  • When produced and run-on renewables sources of energy, electric cars are the better options to minimize environmental impact. The reason, zero-emission from the vehicle itself. 

Over the lifetime, electric cars have a lower carbon footprint than gas cars. This makes them a safer bet for the environment. The reason for the introduction of electric vehicles has been to curb the environmental damage caused by conventional vehicles. More innovation can only make the production of electric cars better and more efficient making them a sweeter deal in the future. Electric cars are better for the environment in 95% of the world. 

Performance differences between Electric and Gas Cars

Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

A car can be either faster or quicker. Quicker is how fast the car reaches a higher speed that is its acceleration. For example, if the time taken for a car to go from 0-60 miles per hour is lower, then the quicker it is. A car is faster when it can reach high speeds and sustain it. So, a faster car is one with a higher miles per hour value. 

  • Electric cars to one’s imagination are surprisingly quicker than gas-based cars. If you had asked someone who doesn’t know, they will choose gas-based cars to trump electric cars in the performance category.  Electric cars are quicker because power is directly fed to the motors running the wheels. This gives them higher torque and so better acceleration.
  • Gasoline cars are not as quick because the engine feeds power to the transmission first. This increases the time taken and about 15% of the power is lost going through the transmission. This makes gas cars not as quick. 
  • On the contrary, gas cars are faster can hold these higher speeds for a longer time. They are faster because of all the time they have had innovate, and they have a weight advantage. The batteries in electric cars are massive and thus they are not capable to run at a higher speed.

For now, electric cars are quicker than gasoline cars but apart from a drag race, a gas car will always beat an electric car in a race. 

Fuel and Energy required to run Electric and Gas Cars

Electric Cars vs Gas Cars

The efficiency of a car can be determined from the type of fuel it runs on.

  • Electric cars use electricity stored in their batteries to move. Electric cars are generally more efficient to run because they have fewer moving parts and simpler technology. The battery powers the motors connected to the wheels, so almost no energy is wasted. 
Electric Cars vs Gas Cars
  • For a gas car, there is a lot of energy wasted, this is because fuel is burnt to run the car. The reason for the inefficiency is the heat generated and emission, the only process that lets out waste is inefficient. The reason being this waste can’t be used for anything else, so the energy is not completely harvested to good use. As I have noted, engines of gas cars provide power to the transmission which not as efficient and use some of the power. 

As these are different methods used to run, we can only use cost as a measurement scale. And as per the above cost analysis, electric cars are cheaper to drive. For any customer, this makes them more efficient to ride compared to a gas car.  


Conclusion 

The automobile industry is changing and it’s changing fast, since the first engine to just a few years back, automobiles were all running on gas. Now we have competition in the automobile space. Gas-powered vehicles are not the only ones in the market anymore. Electric cars are threatening to gain the market share, possibly dominate it. Electric cars are the future, it is inevitable and they will slowly replace gas cars. 

For now, you can or cannot go wrong with both. From a consumer standpoint, electric cars generally tend to be the costlier option. But if the environment is a concern for you, jumping on to the electric car bandwagon might just be the right thing for you. Not everyone can invest more because it’s safer for the environment because that’s not how the world works. 

Unless costs reduce, and accessibility to electric cars increase, electrics cars will always be a thing of the future. To make then the present, innovation and time is required for which we don’t have any shortage. They are undoubtedly “The Future” of transportation.

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Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

In the race against global warming and climate change, humans are looking at better alternatives and solutions. The transport industry is one of the worst contributors to pollution, no wonder so many technologies and vehicle types are being innovated upon. 

Cars with Internal combustion engines make up for a lot of this pollution because of the number of cars running on the planet. This is why hybrid technologies, electric cars and even hydrogen fuel cell cars are becoming a thing of the present.

I am going to compare hybrid and electric cars below and list out the similarities and differences between 0them. Hybrid cars are like a middle ground between conventional gasoline-powered cars and electric cars. Let’s dive deeper: 

Electric CarsHybrid Cars
TechnologyBattery powered engineBattery and Internal Combustion Engine powered
Environmental ImpactMinimal impact if its produced and powered on clean, renewable sources of energy40-50% lower impact than ICE cars but not as good as electric cars
CostHard to produce, higher price of carsA bit higher than traditional ICE powered cars but a lot cheaper than electric cars
MaintenanceFew moving parts, lower maintenanceLots of moving part, requires higher maintenance and repairs are costlier.
Fuel Usage and Costs (Efficiency)No fuel required; very cheap to run because of the relatively cheaper prices of electricityUses petrol, more efficient and cheaper to run compared to traditional ICE-powered cars but costlier than electric cars

Hybrid vs Electric cars – What is the Environmental Impact?

Though Electric cars use batteries as their primary source of power, Hybrid cars use a combination of both gasoline and batteries as a source of power. While many consider Hybrid cars to be a cross between electric cars and gasoline cars, the damage done to the environment is not as bad as a stand-alone gasoline powered car.

Electric Cars on the other hand will utilize the energy stored within the battery to run, once this power supply has depleted you’d have to plug in the car to charge in order to use it again.

Hybrid Cars  

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Hybrid cars use two types of technologies to run, electric and an Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). Both help the car to run. The reason for using both together is to aid fuel efficiency and increase performance. There are different implementations of these technologies. These are: 

  • Parallel Hybrid: This is the most common method; both the electric motor and ICE help are connected to a common transmission. The power from works in tandem to help the car move. The transmission can be automatic, manual or continuously variable transmission (CVT).  
  • Series Hybrid: In this type, the electric motor does all the work of running. The gasoline engine is used only to recharge the battery. This makes the car run like a fully electric vehicle, smooth and mostly silent. The experience can be a little discomforting in some situations because the engine can rev at any time it needs to provide power to the battery so it can feel out of place. The BMW i3 is an example of this type of hybrid.
  • Plug-In Hybrid: Plug-in hybrid uses a battery of larger capacity which has to be charged using an external source. In this implementation, the battery allows all-electric drive for shorter range. This can help in fuel efficiency if the distances are low. The range of the battery is usually between 15 to 55 miles. The Chrysler Pacifica is an example of this type. 
  • Mild Hybrids: In the above cases, the electric motor is powerful enough to run the car on its own. In the case of mild hybrids, the electric motor can only aid the combustion engine which does most of the job. This helps in increasing efficiency and performance too.

Electric Cars 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

These are cars that run on solely electricity. They use large batteries that store electricity and these run the motors connected to the wheels. They are the future of travel because they are very friendly to the environment if done right, like moving to cleaner greener sources of energy production and better manufacturing processes.

Comparison between Hybrid Cars and Electric Cars

Let’s get into the comparison between Hybrid Cars and Electric Cars right from their inception at the manufacturing plant to the disposal of their batteries to see which will result in lesser damage to the environment.

Production 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Production of hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles are different. They affect the environment and cost differently.

  • Hybrid cars are easier on the environment because they don’t have huge batteries. Manufacturing electric cars have a worse effect on the environment compared to hybrid or gasoline cars. This is mostly because of the battery. 
  • The batteries use rare earth materials and manufacturing them requires a lot of energy and in turn a lot of emissions.
  • This is similar when it comes to the cost too. Hybrid cars are generally more expensive than gasoline cars but are cheaper than fully electric cars.
  • The reason hybrid cars are more expensive than gasoline cars are because of the technology. And they are cheaper than electric cars because they use relatively smaller batteries.
  • Electric cars are the costliest mostly because of the sheer size of the battery in them. 

Environmental impact 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Hybrids emits greenhouse gases because of the combustion engine. But since they have an electric engine too, the fuel used is less and so it the emission. In general, the carbon footprint of a running hybrid car is 50-60% lower.  

  • Electric cars produce no emission when running making the cars emission-free. The only caveat is the source of electricity.
  • The cleaner the source, the less the overall emission from an electric car. It the source of electricity is not clean, electric cars are responsible for the emission from producing electricity.  
  • Another type of pollution car notoriously cause is noise pollution. The conventional car equipped with an Internal combustion engine is a source of the noise. In crowded places, with a lot of traffic, this can be hectic for people walking by or on bikes.
  • Electric cars run almost silent, and hybrid cars are not as noisy as fully ICE cars. Sometimes too good can be too bad, and electric cars are an example of that in this case.

Driving Conditions 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

Fuel powered cars can almost run in any part of the world with ease. Electric cars, on the other hand are powered by batteries and these rely on the surrounding conditions to work optimally.

  • Electric cars have an ideal operating temperature of 25 degrees. This is because of the lithium-ion batteries in them. If the temperature gets too high, it can have an effect on the life of battery requiring for a replacement sooner. And in colder regions, the batteries fall to a lower capacity reducing the range of the cars.  
  • Hybrid vehicles have the kind of batteries but they are not as dependent on the battery for optimal performance because if the combustion engine in them. 
  • Speed and mileage/range are different between the two types of vehicles. Hybrid cars have a mileage whereas electric cars have a range that they can cover in a single charge.

To draw parallels, I am comparing hybrid cars to gasoline-based cars. Hybrid cars more fuel-efficient than gasoline-based cars because of the electrical engine aiding the conventional engine. Therefore, hybrid cars have higher mileage. 

  • Electric cars are in a league of their own because they run extremely efficiently because therefore way less energy is wasted. The moving parts of hybrid and conventional cars are waste energy trying to run.
  • Electric cars don’t have transmissions or moving parts except for the motor connected to the wheels and the battery. Cost-wise electric cars are cheapest to run with hybrids coming in the second place and gasoline cars lagging way behind. 
  • Performance of hybrid cars are better than that of electric cars, this is evident with the fact that even F1 cars use hybrid technologies. Electric cars are surprisingly quick and can get from 0-60 miles per hour faster in most cases.
  • But hybrid cars using both an electric and gasoline engine, they can adjust to the performance demand. They are better suited, using electric for better acceleration and the combustion engine to its higher speeds. 

Battery Disposal 

Hybrid vs Electric cars - What is the Environmental Impact

The common between both a hybrid and an electric car is the use of batteries in both of them.

  • Batteries are hard to dispose of and contain harmful chemicals. If they are not disposed of are recycled properly, they can be an environmental hazard.
  • Most hybrid and electric cars use Lithium-ion batteries. They are harmful for the environment but they can be recycled or even reused to get the best out of them. They are better than lead-acid batteries.

Still, battery disposal is an important aspect of hybrid or electric cars, the only difference being electric cars having larger batteries compared to hybrid cars. 


Conclusion 

The battle between hybrid and electric cars is a close one, both have their advantages and disadvantages.

Personally, I would choose a hybrid car in the present and think about an electric car in the future. The reasons being lower costs compared to electric, better efficiency and better for the environment when compared to gasoline cars. But I can see electric cars getting better and cheaper and in the near future, I can fancy myself driving one.  

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